Categories
Disability

The Chaos of Live and the Music of Suicide

By Paul Andresen

June 14, 2017

Hi, my name is Paul. This is my first blog here and I’m kind of messed up. (Hi, Paul.) Since I finished my first Master’s degree in 1985 I have worked in bars, colleges, universities, churches, motels, insurance, and now at Steelcase. It was the turn of the millennium when working at the University of Arkansas that I was diagnosed with depression. It’s not like one day I was feeling under the weather and decided to go for mental health screening. No, I’d felt off-center for years. I finally felt that it was time to see somebody and do something about it. Then I began my long line of medications and counselors.

About 30 months ago, fifteen some years after my original diagnosis, I was hospitalized. That first Master’s degree? It’s a Counselor Education degree focusing on College Student Development with classwork in crisis counseling. This is what I knew because of my training. First—I wanted to hurt myself; for me, that’s a euphuism for I wanted to commit suicide. Second—As soon as I shared this, I knew she would ask me a bunch of questions to “evaluate” my suicide plan. She would check the lethality of my plan, my access to execute the plan, and the possibility of being saved.

The third one is interesting. Was I going to try to overdose in the house where people come and go all day? There would have been a very good chance that I would be found, a very good chance I wanted to be found. Highly survivable. That’s really a good sign for a counselor. As for me, my possibility of being found/saved was so remote she asked me to never share it.

So, my lethality as B-, my access was A-, but my lethality was A+ with extra credit. The only question she had was would she have me committed with my cooperation or not. I cooperated. Like I said, I knew enough, but it was a struggle to actually say “let’s do it.”

I spent ten days in the hospital. I was in individual and group counseling. I spent most of my downtime reading my bible and accidentally became the Chaplain on my ward. It was bizarre, it was surreal. It was also where I got my new, improved diagnosis, Type II Bi-Polar Disorder with anxiety. When I saw my counselor for the first time after getting out, she asked me what I thought about the diagnosis and I told her, “I like it! It’s not that I’m glad to have this disorder, but it explains so much!” The chaos of my life finally fit into a description, a diagnosis. That was comforting.

I’ve given you this much history to give you this. A friend in Wyoming (the Grand Rapids suburb) who also suffers from Bi-Polar disorder introduced me to Disability Advocates of Kent County through LaughFest. I auditioned and performed at the St. Patrick’s Day LaughFest event, which is how I met Maddie Schaab. The other day she posted a link to an article called “It’s not what you think” about the death by suicide of Soundgarden frontman Chris Cornell. After lamenting the accidentally self-inflicted deaths of so many grunge era musicians, author Rich Larsen writes:

Chris Cornell died of suicide on May 17, 2017, at the age of 52. He was a dad. He was a philanthropist. He was becoming an elder statesman of rock. He was a grown up. Cornell was aging gracefully, even doing that thing where some guys get better looking as they get older. He got Soundgarden back together, and they made a great new album a couple years ago. His voice still had all the power and strength it had displayed in his youth. Much like the rest of us, the world had kicked his ass a couple times, and he survived.

But now he’s gone, and goddammit, his is the death that bothers me the most. As I’ve been thinking about this, I’m realizing that it’s both a personal and a generational thing. Cornell had a long struggle with depression. As have I. As have many of you.

I want to say this again, Chris Cornell was a grown up. He had his problems. He struggled with depression, as many of us do. He seemed to have his stuff under control. No drink, no drugs. Great show in Detroit. He seemed to have his stuff together… and he hangs himself in a hotel room.

This should be the time in the blog when I mention that I’m writing this on Memorial Day. In 2016, the Military Times reported that on the average 20 veterans kill themselves daily, which is twice the national average (“New VA study finds 20 veterans commit suicide each day”). Considering Vets make up 9% of the population, this number is disproportionately large.

Among persons with disabilities, I can’t find numbers as easy to understand as exist with veterans in the popular press. Sorry Google, I couldn’t. One scholarly article that evaluated over 100 articles and abstracted another 31 (Understanding suicide and disability through three major disabling conditions: Intellectual disability, spinal cord injury, and multiple sclerosis). Maybe the editor can find me a better number and give me one of those little Ed. comments at the end of the blog. The general consensus is that the number is high enough that this deserves study.

In truth, in Truth, what is really important comes from the lyrics of a song by The Rainmakers frontman Bob Walkenhorst, “Numbers don’t lie, but numbers don’t bleed.”

Talking about the music of suicide in his life, Rich Larsen lamented the deaths of Andrew Wood of Mother Love Bone, Nirvana’s Kurt Cobain, Kristen Pfaff of Hole, and Shannon Hoon of Blind Melon. Of Alice in Chains’ Layne Staley gruesome overdose he wrote, “The fact that his body was not discovered for more than a week felt somehow fitting. He was emblematic of a generation that just wanted to be left alone.”

As for me, I remember Del Shannon, Keith Emerson of ELP, Bob Welch who was better known for his solo career than his time with Fleetwood Mac, Michael Hutchence from INXS, and Allman Brothers Band drummer Butch Trucks. Following Larsen’s example, citing those whose death was “suicide by lifestyle” there was the trinity, Jimi, Janis, and Jim. John “Bonzo” Bonham, The Who’s rhythm section of Keith Moon and John Entwistle, Lowell George of Little Feat, AC/DC’s Bon Scott, Howie Epstein who played bass for The Heartbreakers, and Phil Lynott of Thin Lizzy. Amy Winehouse! Prince!

On the subject of royalty, did I mention Elvis? Did I mention Michael Jackson? The King of Rock and the King of Pop? Numbers don’t lie, but numbers don’t bleed.

None of these struck me harder than the death by the self-inflicted shotgun blast of Megan Walsh before Christmas of 1987. She was my first love, going to school in Wyoming (the state, not the suburb), and she was coming home to Kansas City for the holidays. After a time of angst and alcohol abuse, I finally knew how I felt about her and was going to tell her, consequences be damned. Then I got the call about her death from my sister. Damn, the consequences…

About suicide, her mother said to me, “Don’t you ever do that, Paul. You hear me. Don’t you ever do that.” I told her, “No, Nancy. I won’t.” Twenty years later, as I contemplated my own death, I remembered that conversation and knew how far I had come. I knew her plea. I remembered well her heartfelt plea and even that could not keep me from wanting to end it. I knew I was rounding a corner there was no way back from.

I also knew I was in so much pain that if anybody had told me “this was a permanent solution to a temporary problem” my reply would have been “yes, permanent.”

That’s what’s so seductive about voluntary death. All those problems, coming like a flood from a burst dam to sweep you to pain, sorrow, despair, and hopelessness… death ends all of that—permanently.

Some would have this be the part of the blog where I tell you not to be seduced, tomorrow is only a day away. Let’s be honest though, with the music in this post, the soundtrack from “Annie” is out of place.

Now that’s what makes this post difficult. You, my gentle reader, whether you are suffering or know someone who is, the last thing you want to read is a platitude. We’ve already dealt with “the permanent solution to the temporary problem” and “wait ‘til tomorrow.” You don’t want to read that “everything will be better” because all evidence points to the contrary.

So here’s what I will say. There is help out there. Friends and family usually don’t have all of the resources needed if you have deep depression. If you are contemplating hurting yourself the people who love you will probably hit you with the reflex saying, “Oh no you’re not, you’re just… (insert whatever here).” That doesn’t help anybody.

Name your hurt. Claim your pain. Find what you need. The good people here at Disability Advocates can help point you in the right direction.

To close, this is the last chorus from “Everybody Hurts” from REM’s “Automatic for the People.”

Well, everybody hurts sometimes

Everybody cries

And everybody hurts sometimes

And everybody hurts sometimes

So, hold on, hold on

Hold on, hold on

Hold on, hold on

Hold on, hold on

Everybody hurts

You are not alone

Really, you’re not alone. We’re not alone.

Paul Andresen Biography

The Reverend Paul Andresen (please, just call me Paul) holds a Master’s of Science in Counselor Education/Student Personnel and a Master of Master of Divinity in Biblical and Theological Studies and currently works at Steelcase assembling table legs. (…so if you or someone you know is hiring…) He also has Type II Bi-Polar Disorder with an anxiety chaser. He was born in Central Missouri and raised in the suburbs of Kansas City and walks among the wounded. He and his wife Marie live in Wyoming, the suburb, not the state.

Categories
Disability Veterans

Mental Health Court

Implementation of Mental Health Courts as a possible way forward.

By Corey Gavin

June 14, 2017

According to a 2006 Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report, in 2005 more than half of all prison and jail inmates had a mental health problem; 56% in State Prisons, 45% in Federal Prisons and 64% in local jails.  This is statistically significant when taking into account that, according to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Mental Illness Surveillance Report, only 25% of the US population have a mental illness.

The report also indicated the state prisoners with mental health disorders were more likely to receive longer sentences than those without and were twice as likely to be injured in fights as those without.  They were also more likely to be cited for rule violations.

A growing answer to this problem is the implementation of Mental Health Courts.  In the state of Michigan, the number of these courts in existence has grown from 8 in 2012 to 23 in 2015.  According to a Michigan Courts Problem-Solving Courts Publication, “The Michigan mental health courts (MHCs) target offenders who have been diagnosed with a serious mental illness, serious emotional disturbance, or a developmental disability.  MHCs offer eligible offenders the opportunity to participate in a court-based treatment program to address their mental illness instead of sentencing them to lengthy jail or prison terms.”

The performance measures for those in the Michigan MHC program in fiscal years 2014 and 2015 had a completion rate of 49% with 27% of them improving their education level, 43% improving employment status, 99% improving their mental health status, 97% improving Quality of Life and 92% being compliant with medication.  There was a 13% decrease in recidivism after two years of graduating the MHC and a 13% decrease after four years as compared to those with mental health disorders released from incarceration who did not participate in the MHC.

Currently, Kent County Courts System is conducting a study to be completed by September 2017 to determine the benefits of implementing an MHC in the county.  It is my opinion, with all the data we have available to us that it is imperative that this implementation goes forward.  I urge people who have been affected by mental health disorders or have loved ones who have to write or call their representatives and encourage them to see that this happens.  As always thank you for reading.

For More Information:

https://www.cdc.gov/mentalhealthsurveillance/fact_sheet.htmlcourts.mi.gov/mhc

https://www.bja.gov/Programs/Guide-MHC-Design.pdf

https://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/mhppji.pdf

http://courts.mi.gov/administration/admin/op/problem-solving-courts/documents/psc%202015%20report%20final_4-7-16.pdf

Categories
Disability Veterans

Kent County Veterans Treatment Court

Rehabilitation over Incarceration for Disabled Vets

By Corey Gavin

May 22, 2017

As a disabled veteran with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and as a recovering alcoholic, I have had my own run-ins with the justice system in the past.  My experience was probably similar to any other person who has committed non-violent crimes.  I was shuffled through the system, placed on probation and completed community service.  I personally have no complaint as it pertains to this process.  The way I see it is that I committed the offense so it was up to me to go through the process of making up for it.

What I see lacking in this process, however, is that it does nothing to address the underlying cause(s) behind the offenses being committed, thus often leading to recidivism.  I make no excuses for my previous offenses but if there had been a program through which I could have gotten help, subsequent offenses may never have occurred.

In Kent County, there is such a program.  The traditional justice system process involves the offense being committed to local law enforcement interception, arrest, and detention.  What follows is an initial appearance in court, jail for pretrial, appearance in dispositional court, then to release, jail or prison. Finally, there is either probation or parole back into the community with little focus on rehabilitation.

The Kent County Veterans Treatment Court (KCVTC) steps in for qualifying veterans at the initial detention phase of the process and focuses on treatment and rehabilitation rather than incarceration and release.  From the KCVTC 2017 Public Presentation Slideshow, Veterans Treatment Courts (VTC) are specialized treatment courts designed to meet the particularized needs of veterans. The goal is to divert eligible veteran-defendants from traditional or other specialty courts to a specialized criminal court docket. These veterans suffer from substance abuse, mental illness and co-occurring disorders who are charged with, what are typically, non-violent felony or misdemeanor criminal offenses. The court substitutes a treatment-based problem-solving model for traditional court processing. VTCs are specifically structured to help those who served our nation.

What the KCVTC focuses on, is treatment for substance abuse issues, mental health issues, and emotional disabilities.  It integrates academic and/or vocational training with job skills training and placement services.  It further provides access to community-based supportive services.  Additionally, it is a voluntary process that is driven by peer support from previous graduates of the program.  The KCVTC promotes sobriety, recovery, and stability through a coordinated response to the veterans substance abuse and mental health issues.

I was a career soldier who never wanted to do anything other than serve in the military, but after too many head and bodily injuries, I physically could no longer do the job.  Upon release from the military, I struggled with Post Traumatic Stress, self-medicated with alcohol and realized that on paper the military did not prepare me for any civilian job out there.  Essentially I felt left behind.  Programs like the KCVTC breaks that cycle and truly makes a difference in people’s lives.  I have no doubt that if we had similar specialty courts for the civilian population recidivism rates would decrease and rehabilitation would be a true possibility or even a reality.